cameroon history and culture
The Sao Culture gradually gave way to the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Cameroon Flag. Of these, the most widely known is Sao, which arose in the vicinity of Lake Chad, probably in the 5th century ce. http://rootsrevealed.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-tikar-people-of-cameroon.html. Cameroon culture originates from these diverse groups. The Constitution of the Republic of Cameroon was adopted on the 20th May 1972 by the Assembly and later amended in 1982.
Bamoum was one of the largest of numerous kingdoms that emerged in the grassland areas of Cameroon at that time. It is believed that when the ancestors of the Tikar were in the Sudan, they lived along the Nile River. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account.
Conclusion During and after the Bantu invasion, the Pygmies were gradually replaced and absorbed by the Bantu tribes. The original inhabitants of America. Finally, on 1st January 1960 French Cameroon gained Independence to become the Cameroon Republic and was joined by Southern parts of British Cameroons in 1961. Cameroon, Converted into Blogger Templates by Theme Craft. The Fulani expansion reached its southernmost point with the conquest of Bamum, a kingdom founded in the 17th century by Nshare, the son of a Tikar chief. These cattle and goat herders moved west to Lake Chad near present-day Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria before traveling across West Africa. ( Log Out / The origin and denomination of the missions changed frequently, but the Presbyterians, Baptists, and Roman Catholics have been the most prominent. The earliest inhabitants of Cameroon were probably the Baka ().They still inhabit the forests of the south and east provinces. Later it came under German, French and British colonial rule. Ham & Shem Egyptians Hebrews & Arabs in The land of the blacks Bilad al Sudan, THE HEBREW ISRAELITES AND THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE CONNECTION, The History of Ouidah aka Juda, Judea Judah Whydah, Ancient Kemet and Ancient Africa Concepts and key dates, The Pagan Origin Of The Word “AMEN” (True or false???). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In 1946, the mandates were converted into United Nations Trusteeships and self-government was granted to Cameroon. It is believed that when they inhabited Sudan, they lived adjacent to two groups. Routes linked these ports far inland where the Bamileke, Bamoum, and other kingdoms provided a greater supply of slaves. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Finally, in line with an international court ruling, Nigeria withdrew troops in 2006, awarding sovereignty to Cameroon.
After The United Nations Trusteeship in 1946, Independence became a burning issue raised by various political parties lead by the Union des Populations du Cameroun. Cameroon and Nigeria engaged in a war over the disputed Bakassi Peninsula, rich in oil. Saker established a larger post at Victoria (now Limbe) in 1858. Christian missionaries also began to play a role in the region. The independence Struggle of Cameroon saw bloody insurrections which were suppressed with the help of French Forces. Cameroon has a multi-ethnic population. 13. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The country hosts a population of 25 million individuals. With the Germans emerging as a major power in Europe, Germany established the first permanent colonial settlement in Cameroon in 1884.
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From archaeological evidence it is known that humans have inhabited Cameroon for at least 50,000 years, and there is strong evidence of the existence of important kingdoms and states in more recent times. Ancient History - The Neolithic Age Archeological evidences testify habitation of Pygmy Baka hunter- gatherers around Lake Chad around A.D. 500.
Cameroon - Cameroon - History: From archaeological evidence it is known that humans have inhabited Cameroon for at least 50,000 years, and there is strong evidence of the existence of important kingdoms and states in more recent times. In spite of colonization and varied cultural influences, Cameroon boasts of its ancient tribal music and art forms till date. The first group comprised of iron-makers/blacksmiths and carpenters in the Meroe Kindgom; this group (ancestors of the Mende people) later left the Sudan and moved west towards Lake Chad. The American Presbyterian mission opened a station in 1871. Islam became a powerful force in the northern and central portions of the country through conquest, immigration, and the spread of commerce from north and northwestern Africa. Cameroon became a significant source of slaves, a number of whom were sold and traded at Bimbia, Douala, and other ports. Labels: An abundance of prawns and crayfish, noticed in the Wouri River, made them christen the land as Rio dos Camarões (River of Prawns) which later rendred the country its present day identity. Cameroon is located in West-Central Africa where it occupies a total area of 475,442 square km.
They eventually traveled to the Mali Empire, and along with the town Fulani and Mande, founded the Kingdom of Mani.
They settled in a village they named Ngambe (present-day Bankim District) where they intermarried with selected grassland farmers and animal herders. Eventually the Fulani, frustrated under non-Muslim rule and encouraged by the teachings of the mystic Usman dan Fodio, revolted. The flag of Cameroon consists of three equally spaced vertical bands of Green, Red and Yellow with a five point star in the center. The second group – ancestors of the Fulani – arrived in the Sudan from Egypt and Ethiopia. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to come in contact with Cameroon. In the early 1800s Modibbo Adama was appointed by Usman to lead a jihad over large areas centred in northern Nigeria, which were subsequently incorporated into Usman’s Sokoto empire. The pygmies were gradually replaced and absorbed by Bantu tribes. Cameroon flag attempts to capture Cameroon culture. In 1472 the Portuguese explorer Fernão do Pó was the first European to view the Cameroon coast, although Hanno, a Carthaginian, may have sailed there 2,000 years earlier. Cameroon has a rich and diverse culture made up of a mix of about 250 indigenous populations and just as many languages and customs. Of these, the most widely known is Sao, which arose in the vicinity of Lake Chad, probably in the 5th century ce. Wednesday, May 19, 2010 My Jamaican & American slave ancestors Scott Johnson & Davis.
The country is nicknamed "Little Africa" as geographically, Cameroon consists of coastline, mountains, grass plains, forest, rainforest and desert, all of the geographical regions in Africa in one country. The second group – ancestors of the Fulani – arrived in the Sudan from Egypt and Ethiopia. HISTORY OF OUR TOWN The population of our city, Douala, is close to 3,ooo,ooo. Posted by
Early history. The Copper coloured races. Islam was a significant influence entering Cameroon from the north. Under the leadership of Englishman Alfred Saker and West Indians such as Joseph Merrick, a Baptist station was established in 1845 at Akwa Town (now Douala). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Change ). 6:41 AM According to the oral and documented history of the Tikar people, they originated in present-day Sudan. History of Central African Republic Africa Culture, Italian tradition meets New World culture, History of British Virgin Islands Culture, History of British Indian Ocean Territory Culture, History of Bosnia and Herzegovina Culture. Archeological evidences testify habitation of Pygmy Baka hunter- gatherers around Lake Chad around A.D. 500. Other powerful influences entered from the southern coastal region. Cameroon beame a League of Nations Mandate Territory and was split between French Cameroons and British Cameroons in 1919, after the defeat of Germany in the World War II. They eventually traveled to the Mali Empire, and along with the town Fulani and Mande, founded the Kingdom of Mani. Culturally diverse and blessed with powerful connections, there are so many fun facts about this nation - some we have chosen to … There, they developed their cattle grazing, iron-making, horse riding, and fighting skills. Palace of the Bamum kings, Foumban, Camer. There are choreographed dances to accompany all the festivals, ceremonies and gatherings, ranging from entertainment only to religious rituals. These cattle and goat herders moved west to Lake Chad near present-day Cameroon, Niger, and Nigeria before traveling across West Africa. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Learn more about the history of Cameroon flag and the meaning of Cameroon Flag. Bantu speakers originating in the Cameroonian highlands were among the first groups to move out before other invaders.. LOCAL HISTORY AND CULTURE Presented by us! The Portuguese were the first to reach the coasts of Cameroon in 1472.
( Log Out / Led by Moido Adama, in the early 19th Century, Fulani soldiers on a Jihad in the North against Kirdis (Non-islamic people) led to the establishment of the Adamawa Emirate in some parts of the country. Pó was followed by traders, many of whom were involved in the Atlantic slave trade. DISCOVER CAMEROON CULTURE AND RYTHM PRESENTATION LOCAL HISTORY AND CULTURE SOME ASPECTS OF CAMEROON CULTURE.
( Log Out / The first small groups of pastoralists were welcomed by the host populations. Cameroon is a Central African country and sometimes mistaken for a West African country because of its position on the map.
Ethnicity, Language, And Religion. This kingdom reached its height from the 9th to the 15th century, after which it was conquered and destroyed by the Kotoko state, which extended over large portions of northern Cameroon and Nigeria.
One of the core parts of Cameroonian culture is music and dance. British Cameroons (1916–61) and French Cameroun (1916–60). In the early 1800s the slave trade declined, and attention turned to trade in rubber, palm oil, and other items.
The Fulani conquest was brief and did not result in Islamization, although this faith was accepted by a later ruler, Sultan Njoya, in the early 20th century. In spite of colonization and varied cultural influences, Cameroon boasts of its ancient tribal music and art forms till date. The town is located on the banks of the Wouri River in the Littoral Region.
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