chennai population 2019
 Phase I of the Chennai Metro network consists of the Blue Line and the Green Line covering a length of 45.1 kilometres (28.0 mi) consisting of 40 stations with Alandur and Chennai Central serving as interchanges.  A major part of India's automobile industry is located in and around the city thus earning it the nickname "Detroit of India". A total of 121 species of trees belonging to 94 genera and 42 families are found in the city. The Indian Army's Officers Training Academy is also headquartered in the city. The TICEL bio–tech park at Taramani and Golden Jubilee bio–tech park at Siruseri houses biotechnology companies and laboratories. Koreans concentrated largely in the Kilpauk township, which has acquired the nickname of "Little Korea" as a result.  According to an 1822 estimate, Madras had a population of 462,051 while an 1863 report by Charles Trevelyan to the Royal Sanitary Commission records that there were not less than a million people in Madras city. The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is the nodal agency responsible for planning and development of Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is spread over an area of 1,189 km2 (459 sq mi), covering the Chennai district and parts of Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram and Chengalpattu districts.
Most of the Telugu population Migrated to Madras from Telugu areas (Andhra in present) in 19th Century. A portion of these findings belonged to the Vijayanagara Empire, which ruled the region during the medieval period. According to population scientist Christophe Guilmoto, the early enumerations were not censuses but "simple headcounts providing little information beyond the sub regional sex distribution".  Public schools run by the Chennai Corporation are all affiliated with the Tamil Nadu State Board, while private schools may be affiliated with either of the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education or the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). However, the post-Independence re-organisation of Indian states according to linguistic and ethnic basis has moderated Tamil nationalism, especially the demand for separation from the Indian Union. "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "The magic of melting pot called Chennai", "Chennai City Population Census 2011 (provisional)", http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-01/DDW33C-01%20MDDS.XLS, "Navratri nights keep Gujaratis on their toes", "Parsi community celebrates 100 years of fire temple", "Parsis go all out to celebrate milestone in Chennai", "Growing expat community favour cluster accomodation [, "Meet Chennai's Kim Madam: Korean Kim Myoungsuk has successfully made the transition from Ansan to the Tamil Nadu capital", "Foreign Automakers See India as Exporter", 1921 Buckingham and Carnatic Mills Strike, 1932 Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Strike, Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (India), Government Multi Super-speciality Hospital, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Hospital, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Chennai&oldid=983745372, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 00:40.
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