poitiers, france

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If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Parts of the city were destroyed during World War II.

History-steeped Poitiers was founded by the Pictones, a Gaulish tribe, and rose to prominence as the former capital of Poitou.

Few changes were made in the urban landscape, except for laying way for the rue de la Tranchée.

Since 1987, Poitiers' tourist industry has indirectly benefited from the Futuroscope theme-park and research park in nearby Chasseneuil-du-Poitou. [citation needed]. Services run to Angoulême, Limoges and La Rochelle in addition to Paris and Bordeaux. Poitiers, city, capital of Vienne département, Nouvelle-Aquitaine région, west-central France, southwest of Paris. Poitiers was bombed during World War II, particularly the area around the railway station which was heavily hit on 13 June 1944. With its Romanesque architecture and cobbled lanes, hilltop Poitiers is a city steeped in history. 16th-century Poitiers is closely associated with the life of François Rabelais and with the community of Bitards.

The French national heroine St. Joan of Arc was interrogated there in 1429. Nearby stands the 4th-century rectangular Baptistère Saint-Jean, probably the oldest Christian edifice in France; it now houses an archaeological museum containing a collection of tombs dating to the era of the Merovingians (5th–8th century).

During the 18th century, the town's activity mainly depended on its administrative functions as a regional centre: Poitiers served as the seat for the regional administration of royal justice, the évêché, the monasteries and the intendance of the Généralité du Poitou. Poitiers was founded by the Celtic tribe of the Pictones and was known as the oppidum Lemonum before Roman influence. Futuroscope, a science-based theme park, lies 9 miles (14 km) north of Poitiers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

87,435. Corrections? The old town occupies the slopes and the summit of a plateau which rises 130 feet (40 m) above the streams which surround benefits from a very strong tactical situation. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences. A few hôtels particuliers were built at that time, such as the hôtels Jean Baucé, Fumé and Berthelot.

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this type of climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[10].

The station is in the valley to the west of the old town centre. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in October. Set-it-and-forget-it annual travel insurance from $135/year. The law degree at the University of Poitiers is considered to be one of the best in France. [citation needed] The University covers all major fields from sciences to geography, history, languages economics and law. more. Eventually, a new line of fast buses will be added around 2017. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions.

[7] The names of some of the Christians had been preserved in paintings and inscriptions. During and after the Reformation, John Calvin had numerous converts in Poitiers and the town had its share of the violent proceedings which underlined the Wars of Religion throughout France. Later in the war in 1418, under duress, the royal parliament moved from Paris to Poitiers, where it remained in exile until the Plantagenets finally withdrew from the capital in 1436. He said the Roman consulate corresponded to Poitiers' mayor, the Roman senate to the town's peers and échevins, and the democratic element in Rome corresponded to the fact that most important matters "can not be decided except by the advice of the Mois et Cent" (broad council).1 The mayor appears to have been an advocate of a mixed constitution; not all Frenchmen in 1595 would have agreed with him, at least in public; many spoke in favour of absolute monarchy.

Poitiers - Biard Airport is located 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) west of Poitiers with flights to Lyon-Saint Exupéry, London-Stansted, Edinburgh and Shannon, Ireland on Ryanair. The 12th-century ducal palace has been incorporated into the 19th-century Hôtel de Ville, which houses the Museum of Fine Arts that contains a collection of Roman and medieval sculptures. It is a commune and the capital of the Vienne department and the historical centre of Poitou. Remains of Roman baths, built in the 1st century and demolished in the 3rd century, were uncovered in 1877.

[7], In 1569 Poitiers was defended by Gui de Daillon, comte du Lude, against Gaspard de Coligny, who after an unsuccessful bombardment and seven weeks, retired from a siege he had laid to the town. He compared it to the Roman state, which combined three types of government: monarchy (rule by one person), aristocracy (rule by a few), and democracy (rule by the many).

The second, in 1356, was one of the key battles of the Hundred Years War. For many historians, it was one of the world's pivotal moments.[15]. Notre-Dame-la-Grande church is a good example of Romanesque architecture, with a remarkable 12th-century facade containing a profusion of fine sculptures.

One out of three people in Poitiers is under the age of 30 and one out of four residents in Poitiers is a student.

Poets Joachim du Bellay and Pierre Ronsard met at the University of Poitiers, before leaving for Paris.

The Romans also built at least three aqueducts. [citation needed], The town benefited from industrial décentralisation in the 1970s, for instance with the installation during that decade of the Michelin and Compagnie des compteurs Schlumberger factories.

The centre of town receives visits in complement to the theme-park and benefits from a larger proportion of European tourists, notably from the United Kingdom.

The team played the French championship playoffs in the 2009–10 season and was the Pro B French Champion for the 2008–2009 season.

The Seuil du Poitou connects the Aquitaine Basin to the South to the Paris Basin to the North. From the late 1950s until the late 1960s when Charles de Gaulle ended the American military presence, the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force had an array of military installations in France, including a major Army logistics and communications hub in Poitiers, part of what was called the Communication Zone (ComZ), and consisting of a logistics headquarters and communications agency located at Aboville Caserne, a military compound situated on a hill above the city. During the 17th century, many people emigrated from Poitiers and the Poitou to the French settlements in the new world and thus many Acadians or Cajuns living in North America today can trace ancestry back to this region. The Saint-Pierre cathedral (12th–16th century), built largely in the local Gothic style known as Angevin (after the counts of Anjou and their descendants), has a Crucifixion window (12th century) that is said to be a gift of Henry II of England.

The University of Poitiers was established in 1431 and has welcomed many famous philosophers and scientists throughout the ages (notably François Rabelais; René Descartes; Francis Bacon; Samir Amin). In fact until 1857 Poitiers hosted the ruins of a vast Roman amphitheatre, which was larger than that of Nîmes.

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