president of cameroon 2019
She reported that five soldiers from the group broke into her house and beat her while asking for the whereabouts of her husband. Police were generally unresponsive to requests to increase protection for lawyers who received threats because they represented LGBTI persons. Territorial administration minister Paul Atanga Nji said among the arrested is a lawyer who represented opposition candidate Maurice Kamto who said he won the Oct. 7 election. The minister in charge of labor issues establishes the list of occupational diseases in consultation with the National Commission on Industrial Hygiene and Safety. He said, “educated people like Maurice Kamto need to know where they are leading their people.” The government of Cameroon distanced itself from his comments, saying he was speaking on a strictly personal basis.
Reports included local officials refusing to come to work during the registration period, judges requiring traditional rulers to confirm residency, and local officials refusing to certify birth certificates for CRM candidates. A number of observers questioned the decision to establish a new institution and expressed concerns about its ability to confront the government that funds it. “Friday arrests,” a practice whereby individuals arrested on a Friday typically remained in detention until at least Monday unless they paid a bribe, continued. There were reports that senior officials sentenced to prison were not required to forfeit ill-gotten gains.
The government had not established structures to ensure that internally displaced children were protected from recruitment by nonstate armed groups and terrorist organizations.
The law does not specifically provide a minimum age for consensual sex. The law provides penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment for those who violate child labor laws.
The abuses were of a physical, psychological, economic, verbal, cultural, or religious nature. There were reports that entities associated with the government had failed to comply with civil court decisions pertaining to labor matters.
The assailants abducted Mary Namondo, a journalist working with the station. Those who form a union and carry out union activities without registration can be fined under the law. Secondary school students have to pay tuition and other fees in addition to buying uniforms and books. Pretrial Detention: The code of criminal procedure provides for a maximum of 18 months’ detention before trial, but many detainees waited years to appear in court.
More than 100 trade unions and 12 trade union confederations were in operation, including one public-sector confederation. Children were subjected to forced begging as talibes in Quran schools.
Salaries lower than the minimum wage remained prevalent in the public-works sector, where many positions required unskilled labor, as well as in domestic work, where female refugees were particularly vulnerable to unfair labor practices. The government and employers did not effectively enforce the applicable legislation on freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining. Anecdotal reports suggested the ongoing crisis in the two Anglophone regions had contributed to a dramatic increase in the prostitution of underage girls and number of early pregnancies, especially in areas with IDPs. The law also prohibits antiunion discrimination and requires the reinstatement of workers fired for union activity. On June 10, approximately 300 armed ISIS-WA jihadists attacked military positions in Darak in Logon and Shari division in the Far North Region, killing at least 16 soldiers and eight civilians, according to the defense minister. Journalists were arrested in connection with their reporting on the Anglophone crisis. The CRM notified authorities in advance of the protests but did not receive authorization. Unlike in the previous year, there were no reported allegations that the minister of labor and social security negotiated collective agreements with trade unionists who had nothing to do with the sectors concerned and did not involve trade union confederations that prepared the draft agreements. Although the constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, these rights were subject to restriction for the interests of the state, and there were credible reports police and gendarmes abused their positions by harassing citizens and conducting searches without warrants. The victim reportedly had just dropped off a passenger when security forces laid hands on him. The lawyers claimed the activists suffered from abuse. Penalties for violations were rarely enforced and were ineffective as a deterrent. A conviction requires proof of a threat, fraud, deception, force, or other forms of coercion. Members of the president’s Beti/Bulu ethnic group from the South Region continued to hold many key positions and were disproportionately represented in the government, state-owned businesses, and security forces. On July 30, the Mandela Center described the situation as forced disappearances. NGOs, civil society, and the general population considered the NCHRF dedicated and effective, albeit inadequately resourced and with insufficient ability to effectively hold human rights violators to account.
See the Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report at https://www.state.gov/trafficking-in-persons-report/.
The era of decades-old presidencies is slipping away. Recent Elections: In March 2018 the country held its second senate elections. The Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon, Congolese Minister of Foreign Affairs at Unity Palace, President Paul BIYA convenes electoral colleges for Regional Councillors, Cameroon, Burkina Faso Exchange Experiences on Security, Health and Good Governance, Higher Judicial Council Meets at Unity Palace, ‘Productive Meeting’ with British High Commissioner, 12 contrats de partenariat public-privé en cours d'exécution au Cameroun, Cameroon Investment Promotion Agency – CIPA, Women Parade for Peace and Unity on 35th International Women’s Day in Cameroon, First Lady Receives 2020 New Year Wishes from Wives of Diplomatic Corps and National Dignitaries, Paris Peace Forum: First Lady Chantal BIYA attends Working Lunch with Brigitte MACRON, First Lady Rewards Cyclists at 19th Chantal BIYA Grand Prix, Head of State’s Message to the Nation on the eve of the National Day, 20 May 2020. Early and Forced Marriage: The minimum legal age for marriage is 18. A decree signed on Wednesday, May 29, 2019 has appointed three personalities to serve as members of Cameroon’s Higher Judicial Council. The same organization reported that in March in the Ndu subdivision of the Northwest Region, government security forces burned alive 13 civilians, including seven businesspersons who were returning from a business trip to neighboring Nigeria. Rape and Domestic Violence: The law criminalizes rape and provides penalties of between five and 10 years of imprisonment for convicted rapists. Trade unions or associations of public servants may not join a foreign occupational or labor organization without prior authorization from the minister responsible for “supervising public freedoms,” currently the minister of territorial administration. They threatened the striking workers with dismissal if they did not return to work and arrested Jean Pierre Voundi Ebale, the elected leader of the dockers’ union, and two other members of the union, Guialbert Oumenguele and Elton Djoukang Nkongo. Provision of basic social services to IDPs and assistance to returnees have been carried out by relief actors with minimal support from the government. This started as a protest by lawyers and teachers demanding better provision for the use of English. The decision to not form an opposition coalition likely will cement Biya's win in the Oct. 7 vote. Infanticide or Infanticide of Children with Disabilities: There were no reports of infanticide of children with disabilities. The election was largely peaceful. Authorities claimed to hold the sick separately from the general prison population, but this was often not the case. The national police and the national gendarmerie have primary responsibility over law enforcement and maintenance of order within the country. On August 2, Sadi stated that prison authorities had transferred 244 Yaounde and 20 Buea insurgents to police and gendarmerie for questioning. He said President Paul Biya had "listened to the people" in making his decision to "maintain the country as a peace heaven.". Communication Minister Rene Emmanuel Sadi denied the use of live ammunition against protesters, but social media contradicted that account with videos of gunfire in Douala and a member of the riot police firing a rubber bullet at close range into the leg of a peaceful protester. Global AIDS Coordinator and Global Health Diplomacy, Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs, Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Special Representative for Syria Engagement, U.S. Security Coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, Office of International Religious Freedom, Office of the Special Envoy To Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism, Office of the U.S. Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment, Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, Office of the Science and Technology Adviser, Bureau of Information Resource Management, Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services, Office of Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service, Office of Management Strategy and Solutions, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. Children were generally expected to complete primary education at 12.
Refoulement: The government stated there was no official policy of forcibly repatriating refugees.
On May 31, Joseph Elaba, the investigating magistrate at the Douala High Court, demanded that complainants make a deposit of five million CFA francs ($8,500) before the court could register a case against members of security forces who shot and wounded participants of the CRM protest march in January. Participation of Women and Minorities: No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process; however, due to cultural factors, women remained underrepresented at all levels of government. Security forces, in response, used excessive force against demonstrators. Cameroon's President Paul Biya has been in power for 35 years but is seeking another seven-year term. This period may, with the written approval of the state counsel, be exceptionally extended twice before charges are brought. The lawyers said that they had consistently been denied access to their clients in various detention centers. President Paul BIYA Bids Farewell to Outgoing U.S.
During the year separatist attacks on the schools in the Anglophone Southwest and Northwest Regions continued to disrupt the normal operation of schools. The 85-year-old President Paul Biya has been in power since 1982.
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