yuri gagarin

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There, Gagarin joined a flying club and took to the skies for the first time. Although he never again went to space, his achievement was one of the most significant events of the "space race" which eventually saw men land on the moon. What’s more, a U.S. astronaut wouldn’t match Gagarin’s feat of orbiting the Earth until February 1962, when astronaut John Glenn made three orbits in Friendship 7.

Minutes before the launch, Gagarin gave a speech, which included: Vostok 1, with Yuri Gagarin inside, launched on schedule at 9:07 a.m. Moscow Time. All Rights Reserved.

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(It also helped that he was short in stature since Vostok 1's capsule was small.) Omissions? Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Less than a year later, on March 27, 1968, Gagarin himself was killed when a two-seater MiG-15 fighter jet he was flying with Vladimir Seryogin, crashed outside a small town near Moscow during a routine training flight. Yuri was the third of four children and spent his childhood on a collective farm where his father, Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin, worked as a carpenter and bricklayer and his mother, Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina, worked as a milkmaid. Since he had been following the Soviet Union's progress in space flight, he was confident that soon his country would send a man into space. But many aviation professionals viewed this conclusion as implausible, and rumors continued to swirl around the crash. Valentina Tereshkova: The First Woman in Space, A Short History of Roscosmos and the Soviet Space Program, Project Gemini: NASA's Early Steps to Space, History of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), The History and Legacy of Project Mercury, History of the Apollo 11 Mission, "One Giant Leap for Mankind", Top 11 Best Aerospace Engineering Schools for Undergraduates, B.A., History, University of California at Davis. Yuri Gagarin (March 9, 1934–March 27, 1968) made history on April 12, 1961, when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth. He had accomplished what no other human being had ever done before. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Gagarin ejected before landing, parachuting down safely near the Volga River. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. Yuri Gagarin's successful flight into space paved the way for all future space exploration. An official investigation into the accident concluded that Gagarin swerved to avoid a foreign object—such as a bird or weather balloon—sending the plane into a tailspin that ended with its crash into the ground.

He died just shy of his Vostok 1 mission's seventh … His accomplishment was known around the globe. (The Soviets did this to get around a technicality about how flights were officially recognized at the time.). (By that time, Titov had already become the second Soviet to make it to space, making 17 orbits of Earth over 25 hours in Vostok 2 in August 1961.). Since Gagarin had discovered a love of flying, he joined the Soviet Air Force. He graduated from the Soviet Air Force cadet school in 1957, and began serving as a fighter pilot. The son of a carpenter, Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino in Smolensk, Russia in 1934. On the same day he graduated from Orenburg with top honors in November 1957, Yuri Gagarin married his sweetheart, Valentina ("Valy") Ivanovna Goryacheva. Gagarin’s 4 3/4-ton Vostok 1 spacecraft was launched at 9:07 am Moscow time on April 12, 1961, orbited Earth once in 1 hour 29 minutes at a maximum altitude of 187 miles (301 km), and landed at 10:55 am in the Soviet Union. At 16, he moved to Moscow to apprentice as a foundry man in a metal works, but soon transferred to a technical school in Saratov.

After running various computer simulations, the report concluded that the only viable explanation for the crash was that the Su-15 flew too close to Gagarin’s plane that day, flipping it and forcing it into an unrecoverable spiral dive towards the ground. Others suggested a cabin pressurization valve could have failed, causing both pilots to suffer hypoxia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Learn more about Gagarin in this article. At the end of the orbit, Vostok 1 reentered the Earth's atmosphere.

He was chosen as back-up pilot for the ill-fated Soyuz 1 mission (in which two Soviet spacecraft were supposed to rendezvous in space), and watched in horror as his friend Vladimir Komarov died when his parachutes failed to open on re-entry in April 1967. Gagarin was killed with another pilot in the crash of a two-seat jet aircraft while on what was described as a routine training flight. Instead, he helped train future cosmonauts. Becoming the First Man in Space

Life was difficult during the war and the Gagarins were kicked out of their home. He continued his studies at the industrial college at Saratov and concurrently took a course in flying. More outlandish theories included sabotage for political motives, suicide or even collision with a UFO. There, Gagarin joined a flying club and took to the skies for the first time. He was keen to visit space again.

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Right before Gagarin landed (near the village of Uzmoriye, near the Volga River), a local farmer and her daughter spotted Gagarin floating down with his parachute. On March 27, 1968, Gagarin was test-piloting a MiG-15 fighter jet when the plane plummeted to the ground, killing Gagarin instantly at the age of 34. Yuri Gagarin was just one of 3,000 applicants to be the first Soviet cosmonaut. Others believed that Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev wanted Gagarin dead because he was jealous of the cosmonaut's fame. The calculation of 108 minutes is used because the fact that Gagarin ejected from the spacecraft and parachuted to the ground was kept secret for many years.

The Vostok 1's top speed reached 28,260 kph (about 17,600 mph). Once on the ground, Gagarin, dressed in an orange spacesuit and wearing a large white helmet, terrified the two women. His Vostok 1 spacecraft orbited Earth once in 1 hour 29 minutes at a maximum altitude of 187 miles, bringing Gagarin immediate worldwide fame. Out of this large pool of applicants, 20 were chosen in 1960 to be the Soviet Union's first cosmonauts; Gagarin was one of the 20.

Some thought he was drunk.

The son of a carpenter, Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino in Smolensk, Russia in 1934. On that day in 1961, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (left, on the way to the launch pad) became the first human in space, making a 108-minute orbital flight in … It was at the industrial school in Saratov that he joined a flying club. The son of a carpenter on a collective farm, Gagarin graduated as a molder from a trade school near Moscow in 1951. On April 12, 1961, Yuri Gagarin boarded Vostok 1 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Yuri Gagarin made history by launching on the world's first manned spaceflight on April 12, 1961.

“We can’t turn Gagarin into a museum exhibition – that would kill him,” wrote his boss and friend Nikolai Kamanin, the head of cosmonaut training in the Soviet space program. In 1960, Gagarin was selected along with 19 other candidates for the Soviet space program. Gagarin struggled with drinking on the heels of his fame, but by the late 1960s had returned to his training. He married his wife, Val… Gagarin’s triumph was a painful blow to the United States, which had scheduled its first space flight for May 1961. Kamanin’s word’ssuggest Moscow wa… Gagarin learned quickly and was obviously at ease in a plane. Although he was fully trained for the mission, no one knew if it was going to be a success or a failure. Some thought Gagarin might have been drinking, or that he and Seryogin might have been distracted by taking photographs from the plane’s window. A series of Soviet and U.S. spaceflights followed in which the techniques of space rendezvous and docking were…. When asked why the report remained classified for so long, Leonov replied “My guess would be that one of the reasons for covering up the truth was to hide the fact that there was such a lapse so close to Moscow.” Leonov agreed not to identity the test pilot of the Su-15, who was 80 years old at the time, as a condition of being able to go public with the truth nearly five decades after the history-making cosmonaut’s fatal crash. He was not given the controls because many scientists were worried about the psychological effects of being in space (i.e. Although he never again went to space, his achievement was one of the most significant events of the "space race" which eventually saw men land on the moon.

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